What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Метаболический синдром — что это?

At present, in developed countries, the highest number of deaths is attributed to cardiovascular diseases. It has been found that one of the most serious risk factors for these diseases is metabolic syndrome.

The cause is our modern lifestyle

Metabolic syndrome is a disease caused by overeating and inadequate physical activity. Obesity with a large amount of abdominal fat usually leads to pathological changes in fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Because the metabolism of fats and sugars is closely linked to the important hormone insulin. When the cells of the body become insensitive (resistant) to insulin, the blood sugar level can no longer be lowered properly. At the same time, the level of fat in the blood rises, as does blood pressure, because insulin causes water and salt to accumulate in the kidneys. This disrupts the fluid balance in the vascular system.

Over time, deposits form in the vessels, so-called plaques. Blood can no longer flow freely in such narrow places. The extremities, and in the worst case, vital organs such as the heart, brain, or kidneys, cease to receive enough blood.

Metabolic syndrome is a series of deviations of various parameters, which together, like pieces of a puzzle, make up this disease. To diagnose metabolic syndrome, the following criteria of the International Diabetes Federation must be met:

Abdominal obesity (waist circumference equal to or greater than 80 cm in women or 94 cm in men) together with at least two of the following:

  • Triglyceride levels in the blood equal to or greater than 150 mg/dL (or treatment for elevated triglyceride levels)
  • Low cholesterol level - in women <50, in men <40,
  • Blood pressure equal to or greater than 130/85 mmHg (or treatment for high blood pressure),
  • Fasting blood sugar level equal to or greater than 100 mg/dL (or treatment for type 2 diabetes).

Each of these disorders is a risk factor for other diseases on its own. When combined, these disorders can significantly increase the risk of developing life-threatening diseases.

All of these disorders together increase the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease in the form of angina (heart attacks) or myocardial infarction (thrombosis in the heart).

Atherosclerosis associated with long-term metabolic syndrome causes atherosclerosis not only in the heart, but also in all arteries of the body, and can also cause problems with narrowing of the arteries in the legs and stroke.

Metabolic syndrome and obesity

Excess weight is always harmful to health. However, the most dangerous is abdominal obesity (or central obesity). We encounter this when fat tissue accumulates around the waist. For many years, scientists have been trying to explain the rapid increase in the number of people who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome, which has been recorded in recent years. One hypothesis dates back to the era of the cave-dwelling primitive man. He lived according to the scheme: full - hungry. During the period of satiety, he could eat enough - fat accumulated, which he used during the period of hunger. This made him slim. The modern human body is in a state of permanent saturation. We constantly accumulate adipose tissue, because our body is programmed this way. However, we rarely have the opportunity to burn all this stock.

Metabolic syndrome is a serious problem - mainly in developed countries, where most people lead a sedentary lifestyle. It is usually more common in women than in men. Its incidence increases with age.

If you have been diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, you need to undergo quality treatment.

Treatment of metabolic syndrome in Switzerland will be helped by the department of dietetics. Dietetics in Dietetics in Switzerland, like any other medical field in this country, is well developed and is due to the use of advanced treatment and therapy methods.

Treatment of metabolic syndrome is a healthy diet created by your doctor and specially selected physical exercises.

Start right now!

Treatment of metabolic syndrome requires solving several conditions. Here are some things you can do starting tomorrow:

  • Eat better. Follow a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, skinless poultry, fish, nuts, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, lean meat, and plant protein. Limit processed foods, saturated and trans fats, red meat, salt, and sugars.


  • Be active. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. Walking is the simplest place to start, but you can find something else you enjoy doing that raises your heart rate. If necessary, break the exercise down into several short sessions throughout the day to reach your goal.

Physical Therapy in Switzerland offers all types of exercises, from movement, sports, and physical activity to personal training, fitness training.


  • Lose Weight. Reduce your risk of heart disease by successfully losing weight and keeping it off. Learn your recommended calorie intake, the number of food calories you consume, and the energy calories you burn at different levels of physical activity. Balance healthy eating with a healthy level of physical activity to reach your goals. All of this will be helped to calculate and select your diet in the department. dietetics in Switzerland.