Children's medical examinations can be an important building block for a healthy child's development. Especially in the early years of life, children make huge developmental strides. It is important that the doctor regularly checks the child's overall health and age-appropriate development during examinations. This way, possible problems or abnormalities can be identified and addressed early on.
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A preventive medical examination should include a vision and hearing test. At the age of 3 or 4, vision tests include using charts and examination with devices.
It is recommended that every child have an annual examination, which is a very important habit for their health. Regular examinations help prevent diseases that may develop in the future and ensure healthy growth for babies.
Next, review the main tests that can be performed under the guidance of a pediatrician.
You may already know that taking blood from a child is not easy. However, a blood test is necessary to prevent various infections and diseases, including anemia, viral or bacterial infections.
In addition to a blood test, the pediatrician may order other important tests: a lipid profile check (to assess cholesterol levels), blood glucose level (to assess blood sugar levels), thyroid hormone level (T4 and TSH), serum iron and ferritin dose (to assess possible anemia).
The recommendation regarding the above-mentioned examinations will depend on the pediatrician, who may specify a predetermined frequency or follow a request based on specific symptoms that the child is exhibiting.
The child's age and many other factors determine whether further testing will be done.
The levels of these substances in the blood can indicate kidney problems, so they can be ordered for any signs of impaired organ function or in cases of possible hereditary diseases in close family members, in order to early detect the problem.
Children are often at a higher risk of being infected with worms, as their immune system is not yet fully developed. In addition, children tend to have more contact with the floor, dirt, and dust and often end up putting dirty hands in their mouths, being more susceptible to infections.
That is why the most recommended stool analysis for a child's examination is parasitological, which examines the presence of parasites and protozoa, which can be a sign of helminthiasis.
It is also worth seeing a doctor if you have symptoms of worms in the intestines, such as: stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, unusual weight loss, anemia, and breathing problems.
A urine test is a simple test that is very helpful in detecting various pathologies, not only those that affect the kidneys and urinary tract, but also kidney diseases and even diabetes.
Urinary tract infection is one of the main problems that children can face. This is due to the fact that in addition to the fact that the urinary tract is still developing, the child is still learning to control their toilet visits and is developing their first hygiene habits.
Therefore, pay attention to the following symptoms: sudden weight loss, loss of appetite, sleep disturbances, irritability, constant crying, or fever without apparent cause. In all these cases, it will be necessary to consult a pediatrician to investigate the problem.
A vision check must be done directly in the maternity ward to check if the newborn's vision is normal. If everything is normal, it is recommended to have the eyes rechecked from the first year of life to check the comprehensive development of the child's vision during this period.
In childhood, such signs as squinting when watching TV or reading a book, frequent stumbling, falling, or colliding with objects, may indicate the need to assess the quality of the child's vision.
It is especially important to be monitored by an ophthalmologist during the school period to prevent learning problems and poor academic performance at school due to poor vision.
Just like a small eye test to assess vision, a small ear test is also performed in the maternity ward to assess the child's perception of sounds.
After this screening, it is recommended to continue monitoring the child's hearing health in the early years of life, as well as in school years.
This group of children deserves special attention in terms of children's examinations, as the family history or prenatal conditions of the mother are often unknown.