What is a normal pulse?

What is a normal pulse?

The pulse, which can be felt on the wrist, is usually the same as the number of heartbeats per minute. But what is a normal heart rate?

The pulse shows how quickly the heart pumps blood through our body. Rest, excitement, external influences, and illness can all affect heart rate and change it permanently. Find out what values are normal and how high the pulse can be.

Pulse - norms

The general standard for heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute. However, keep in mind that the norms change with age:

  • infants have a pulse of about 130 beats per minute,
  • older children have a pulse of about 100 beats per minute,
  • teenagers have a pulse of about 85 beats per minute,
  • adults have a pulse of about 70 beats per minute,
  • older people have a pulse of about 60 beats per minute.

It is important to know if our heart rate is normal, and if it is not within the normal range, you should determine the cause and possibly consult a specialist.

In what situations does heart rate increase?

There are several factors that cause changes in pulse:

  • age;
  • smoking;
  • alcohol;
  • temperature;
  • medication;
  • body position;
  • emotions/stress;
  • weight.

In a state of rest, the normal heart rate should not exceed 100 beats per minute. A heart rate above this level is considered tachycardia and you should consult a doctor. The heart rate can increase in various situations, such as during physical activity or strong emotions.

Pathological causes of tachycardia include:

  • heart defects;
  • hypoxia;
  • heart failure;
  • circulatory insufficiency;
  • anemia;
  • fever, infections;
  • blood loss;
  • dehydration;
  • hyperactive thyroid gland;
  • hypoglycemia.

Heart rate can be lowered with medications that regulate the heart's function. You can also try relaxation techniques that will lower your pulse. If a high pulse occurs for no apparent reason, see a doctor and undergo a full diagnostics. diagnostics.

It is worth noting that cardiology in Switzerlanddeals with problems of heart rhythm and more at a fairly high level. If problems are identified during diagnostics, patients can undergo treatment in treatment in Switzerland.

What are the causes of a low heart rate?

A low heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute), known as bradycardia, can be caused by age or taking certain heart medications. In young people, the better the heart works, the lower the heart rate will be. However, heart blocks or sinus node dysfunction are changes that lead to a decrease in heart rate and can signal a problem. In this case, you need to seek medical help from a specialist. Cardiology in Switzerlandcan also help with the diagnosis of a low heart rate.

As we can see, it is important to know about the normal heart rate by age in order to have an idea of the possible changes in heart rate, both for higher and lower levels. In any of these situations, you need to seek medical attention for proper assessment and treatment.

Heart rate during physical activity

During physical activity, the muscles need more oxygen. The heart beats faster to deliver more oxygen to the cells. The heart rate increases significantly. Depending on age, you should not exceed a certain maximum heart rate. Doctors in Switzerland usually recommend that healthy people do not exceed a heart rate of 220 minus their age. The heart of a healthy 40-year-old person can withstand a heart rate of up to 180, while the heart of a 60-year-old person should preferably not exceed 160. However, it is also important to know how the heart rate develops during physical activity: In normal cases, the heart rate gradually increases and then slowly decreases again at the end of the exercise. If the heart suddenly starts to beat faster, this should be investigated by a cardiologist during diagnostics.