Modern treatment of depression: signs and symptoms
Depression is a mental disorder that comes with a wide range of mDepression is a mental disorder that comes with a wide range of medical conditions, including loss of the ability to experience emotional distress, despondency, feelings of hopelessness, and deterioration in mental health and overall physical health.
edical conditions, including loss of the ability to experience emotional distress, despondency, feelings of hopelessness, and deterioration in mental health and overall physical health.
Most people who suffer from depression do not realize their psychological problem - they accept depression as a standard of living, believing that they are merely moody or "black bars" in life. In fact, "will" and "strong desire" cannot overcome depression.
Symptoms and signs of depression
If symptoms are detected, you should immediately contact a specialist - he will conduct a full diagnosis, determine the presence and degree of the problem, prescribe appropriate treatment
Depression can be latent in young people and teenagers. Psychologists call the symptoms of the development of such depression: excessive tears (without a valid reason), laziness, conflicts at school and at home.
The difficulty of diagnosing a depressive state in a person lies in the vague symptoms, which are often expressed in forms that mimic the symptom-complex of other diseases, including internal organs.
In most cases, the patient is observed:
apathy towards people and events;
rapid weight loss;
uncomfortable cold or warm sensation in the abdomen of the body;
Age or social class does not affect the onset of the disorder. Most often depression occurs against the background of stressful negative situations with constant failure. Then a person despairs at the impossibility of somehow affecting the course of events.
But in addition to the social factor to the development of depression can also lead to a severe psychological trauma. For example: the collapse of the family, the death of a loved one, a serious disease that affects not only the patient himself, but also his relatives.
Another factor is brain damage and somatic pathologies. Often patients suffer from depression, which is a chronic disorder of blood circulation of the brain as a result of head trauma.
Causes of depression can manifest themselves as side effects of medications (benzodiazepines and corticosteroids). Often this condition goes away on its own after the medication is discontinued.
The cause of depression in women can be hormonal changes: changes in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, postpartum, menopause.
Depressive disorders can also include premenstrual dysphoric disorder, when a woman experiences depression before her cycle begins more severe than typical premenstrual syndrome.
Current treatment for depression
You can see the following specialists to treat depression:
Psychiatrists - treatment of depression with hypnosis, medications for acute mental illnesses - schizophrenia, mental retardation, epilepsy. As well as other less serious illnesses - depression, alcoholism, drug addiction, etc.
Psychotherapist - treatment is a specialized therapy that involves explaining, discussing, and problem solving with the patient.
Psychologist - counsels the patient, cannot prescribe medications or examinations. Clinical psychologists use modern testing methods to identify the problems that caused the mental disorder.
Antidepressants are used to treat the disorder for anxiety disorders or when the condition is accompanied by lethargy. Antidepressants are prescribed directly by a doctor and should not be taken alone. The effect of many antidepressants is manifested two weeks after taking them, their dosage for the patient is determined individually.
Insomnia treatment is used for bipolar depression. While sleep deprivation is negative in a healthy person, it brings the psyche of a patient with a mental disorder back to normal.
Moderate to mild depression requires natural (herbal) medicines.